Scabies Skin Disease: Treat it with the Latest Methods 2024

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Scabies Skin Disease also known as budug in Indonesia, is a skin disease caused by the infestation of the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. This mite is very small and almost invisible to the naked eye, but the impact it causes is very significant to skin health. Scabies is a highly contagious condition that can spread quickly in crowded environments, such as schools, prisons, and nursing homes. Explore all about scabies, from symptoms, causes, how it’s transmitted, to treatment.

Scabies Skin Disease

Table of Contents

Symptoms of Scabies Skin Disease

The main symptom of scabies is intense itching, especially at night. This itching is caused by the body’s allergic reaction to mites and their eggs. In addition, scabies is also characterized by the appearance of a rash that often looks like small red lines.

This rash is usually found in the body’s folds, such as between the fingers, wrists, elbows, and around the genitals. In infants and children, scabies rash can also appear on the head, face, neck, hands, and soles of the feet.

In some cases, scabies can lead to a more severe condition known as crusted scabies or Norwegian scabies. Crusted scabies occurs when the mites infest the skin in large numbers, causing thick scabs that can cover large areas of skin. This condition is common in individuals with weakened immune systems.

Causes and Transmission

Scabies is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei which infects the skin. The female mite will dig a tunnel in the top layer of skin to lay eggs. These eggs then hatch into larvae within a few days, which then grow into adult mites and continue to burrow into the skin.

The disease is highly contagious and can be spread through prolonged direct skin contact with an infected individual. Brief contact such as shaking hands is usually not enough to transmit the mites. In addition, scabies can also be spread through contaminated clothing, towels, or bedding. Therefore, environments with many residents or those who share common facilities are more susceptible to the spread of scabies.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The diagnosis of scabies is usually made based on a clinical examination and the patient’s medical history. The doctor will look for typical signs of scabies, such as a rash and mite burrows. Sometimes, the doctor may perform a test by scraping the affected skin to examine under a microscope to confirm the presence of mites or their eggs.

Treatment for scabies usually involves the use of topical or oral medications that kill the mites. Topical medications such as permethrin 5% or lindane cream are often used and are applied all over the body, usually from the neck down, and left on for 8 to 14 hours before being washed off. Ivermectin, an oral medication, may also be used in more severe cases or if topical treatments are ineffective.

In addition to treating the infected individual, it is important to treat all family members or close contacts to prevent spread and reinfection. All clothing, towels, and bed linens used in the three days prior to treatment should be washed in hot water and dried on high. Items that cannot be washed can be stored in a sealed plastic bag for several days to kill the mites.

Prevention

Prevention of scabies primarily involves good hygiene practices and avoiding contact with infected individuals. In crowded settings such as dormitories or nursing homes, monitoring for signs of scabies and promptly treating infected individuals is essential to prevent outbreaks. Education about scabies and how it is transmitted can also help reduce the risk of spread.

Scabies is a highly contagious skin disease that can cause significant discomfort. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, scabies can be effectively treated.

Awareness of the symptoms, transmission methods, and preventive measures are essential to control and prevent the spread of the disease. If you or someone around you experiences symptoms of scabies, consult a medical professional immediately for proper treatment.

 

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